Guidance on Infection Prevention and Control Measures for COVID-19 for Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
Emergency medical services (EMS) play a vital role in COVID-19 outbreak response and case management by responding to requests for assistance, triaging patients, and providing emergency medical treatment and transport for suspected and confirmed COVID-19 persons.
Unlike patient care in the controlled environment of a healthcare facility, care and transports by EMS present unique challenges due to:
- The nature of the setting.
- Enclosed space during transport.
- Frequent need for rapid medical decision-making, interventions with limited information, and a varying range of patient acuity and jurisdictional healthcare resources.